The Gallipoli Houses

DARDANELLES-battlefield relics & exhibits

ANTI-SUBMARINE NET IN KILYE KOY

 

 

the first authentic hotel on the Gallipoli peninsula

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battlefield reminders and relics in gallipoli

the Gallipoli Houses

remains of the sub marine net at kilye bay

The chief interest wich I found in this part of the Dardanelles was purely historic and legendary. The ancient town of Lampsacus appeared in the modern Lapsaki, just across from Gallipoli, and Nagara Point is the site of the ancient Abydos, from which village Leander used to swim nightly across to Hellespont to Heroóa feet which was repeated about hundred years ago by Lord Byron. Here also Xerxes crossed from Asia to Greece on a bridge of boats, embarking on that famous expedition which was to make him master of mankind. The spirit of Xerxes, I thought, as I passed the scene of his exploit, is still quite active in the world ! The Germans and Turks had found a less romantic use for this, the narrowest part of the Dardanelles , for here they had stretched a cable and anti-submarine barrage of mines and nets---a device, which, as I shall describe, did not keep the English and French underwater boats out of  the Marmora and the Bosphorus.

"Ambassador Morgenthauís Story", (Kessinger Publications), p. 130-131

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updated : 26/08/07

At Gallipoli these submarines were faced with an objective which was entirely new and fantastically dangerous.  If they could once get through to the Sea of Marmara  they knew they could do pretty much what they liked with the Turkish shipping, more particulary with the vessels that were bringing down reinforcements and supplies to Limanís army on the peninsula.  But how to get there, how to penetrate the Dardanelles?
The straits were swept all night by searchlights, and as soon as a submarine surfaced, as it was practically bound to do in the course of the forty-mile journey, it was not only fired on but ran the risk of being caught by the various currents that set towards the shore. Ten lines of mines off Kephez Point had to be negociated, and beyond these there were the Narrows, under a mile wide, with guns on either side and patrol boats on the watch.  There was another hazard : a stream of fresh water about ten fathoms deep poured down the Dardanelles from the Sea of Marmara, and it was of much lighter density than the salt water below.  This made a kind of barrier in the sea, and as they passed through it the submarines were thrown violently out of control.  It was not unlike the experiences of the first supersonic aircraft when they met the sound barrier in the sky; no one could make out why this strange, deadly disturbance should occur, and the commanders were forced to rise to the surface where they at once came under fire from the enemy batteries on the shore.

"Gallipoli", (Ware 1997), Alan Moorehead, p. 170

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battlefield relics & exhibits - The Dardanelles