Helles - Redoubt Cemetery

The Gallipoli Houses





The Redoubt Cemetery, general view

The Cemetery’s name recalls the line of defences dug by the Turks South of Alçıtepe, but it is in fact derived from the redoubt line – the front line of British and French trenches established in May between the Aegean and the straits.  At regular intervals there were defensive positions, or “redoubts” built and garrisoned to repel expected counter-attacks by the Turks.  The section on the Krithia Spur, about 100 meters North of the cemetery was begun by the Australians on the night of the 8th May.

Gallipoli- A battelefield Guide", (East Roseville 2000), Phil Taylor & Pam Cupper, p. 144


the Gallipoli houses



memorials and cemeteries in gallipoli
















Lieutenant John Spencer Ruscombe Anstice

It is always interesting hearing the men’s opinions of their officers.  I do not think I heard any one spoken more highly of by the men of the Royal Fusiliers than young Anstice.  Over and over again during the subsequent weeks they would say to me: “You should have seen Mr. Anstice ! I reckon he deserves the V.C. if any one does.  There was nothing he would not do for his men.  Why, I saw him myself working like a nigger, and much harder than any of the men, carrying ammunition, water and rations, going about all up and down the line without a sign of fear. And we none of us thought he had it in him.But they never stop talking about him now.  We are all changing our opinions about many people out here.”

"With the Twenty-ninth Division in Gallipoli", (London
1916), Reverend O. Creighton, p. 70-71



back to if stones could speak


Little enough did I think 12 months ago today that on the anniversary of mobilisatioSecond-Lieutenant Eric Duckworth


last letter of Eric Duckworth

Here and there in these cemeteries we saw primroses and other flowers which beautify the English countrysize.  Elsewere trees and plants from the homeland were growing in the God’s Acres of this foreign soil.  For example the grave of Second-Lieut. E. Duckworth of the 6th Lancashire Fusiliers, 42nd Division –“Killed 7th August, Vineyard”- was shadowed by an oak, now ten feet high, which was brought from England and planted in Redoubt Cemetery by his father in 1922.

"Gallipoli Revisited", (London 1934), W. E. Stanton Hope, p. 48

 The oak brought from England and planted in Redoubt Cemetery by his father in 1922.

Today Second-Lieutenant Eric Duckworth is remembered on the Helles Memorial. His grave was in  Redoubt cemetery though.




commermoration plaque

Gallipoli-August 5 1915

Dear Mother,





The British at Helles eventually concentrated their many cemeteries into six; as it happened, one of these had originally been established just behind the rearmost of the two Redoubt trenches dug by our 2nd Brigade in its famous advance, actually very near to M’Cay’s little headquarters.  Hughes wrote to me in November 1919 that all the Australian remains had been discovered and were buried “practically where Colonel Gartside was buried” (*)  Only a few were identified as he was …

(*) Lieutenant-Colonel Gartside, a man of 53 years, an orchardist of Castlemaine, Victoria, was commanding the 7th in the advance. He is said to have been rising to lead one of the final rushes, saying “Come on boys, I know it is deadly, but we must get on”, when he was hit in the abdomen by machine-gun bullets.

"Gallipoli Mission", (Crows Nest 1990), Charles E.W. Bean, p. 65-66

Thursday, July 15. I first met W______ at 9a.m. at the R.F.’s and we went of to hunt for Shafto’s grave.  They had just had orders to move down to the beach.  So when the regiment had started, we set off through the usual labyrinth of trenches, into the mule-track, and then along it till we saw a ruined house with a large fig-tree beside it, underneath which his grave was.  It had a nice cross, and was elaborately decorated with shell cases.  I said a few prayers.

With the Twenty-ninth Division in Gallipoli", (London 1916), Reverend O. Creighton, p. 125




Last updated : 28/02/08


Lieutenant-Colonel Robert Gartside




"Redoubt" recalls the line of defences dug by the Turks South of Alçıtepe.

Captain (Adjudant) Thomas Duncombe Shafto








sugar and Desi ghee is served to the people.On the third day after the cremation, the relatives go to the cremation ground, take the bones of the dead and wash them in unboiled milk. Then they collect the bones and the ashes in a bag and immersit in the Beas River or in the river flowing near their Gurudwara.  They don't observe Shraddh or Anniversary for their dead. The period of mourning for the dead can go up to 10 days, until which the holy texts from the Granth Sahib are read daily in the house.

(source :

"A cremation at Anzac : Men of the 14th Sikhs preparing a funeral pyre for a comrade killed by a bomb", period picture reproduced from "Man of Gallipoli", (London-1976), Peter Liddle, p. 128

In the Sikh community after the death of a person, the Kirtan Solah is read. Loud lamenting and breast-beating are strictly forbidden among the Sikhs. People gather around the body and recite the morning prayers. The corpse is bathed and dressed along with the fives K's. The Sikhs cremate their dead like the Hindus and they do it before sunset. The eldest son of the deceased lights the funeral pyre. The priest sings the holy hymns. After the cremation, people go to the Gurudwara where some texts from the Granth Sahib are read. Prasad, is which is cooked with coarsely ground atta, water,

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Little enough did I think 12 months ago today that on the anniversary of mobilisation I should be writing you from a hole in the Gallipoli Peninsula, not having seen you for 10 ½ months, and to the tune of 75mm guns.  However you never know your luck, and I may see you in time to celebrate my 20th birthday at home, but as things look at present, there is not much chance of that.

Extract of a letter by Eric Duckworth to his mother, transcribed from "Gallipoli, 1915 - Pens, Pencils and cameras at war", (London 1985), Peter H. Liddle, p. 116

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