Helles - The Seddülbahir first victims memorial

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SEDDÜLBAHİR FIRST VICTIMS MEMORIAL
SEDDÜLBAHİR İLK ŞEHİTLER ANITI

 

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monument erected by the Turks in remembrance of the first bombardment

the Gallipoli houses

 

 

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IF STONES COULD SPEAK - HELLES

 

 

 

Monument in remembrance of the first bombardment

 

 

 


 

 

A plaque describes the first British-French Naval attack by six cruisers at a range of 16,000 yards on Seddulbahir and Kumkale Forsts on 3 November 1914, which did more damage to the castle than any subsequent attacks.  One explosing killed five officers and eighty-one men

when a shell detonated the magazine.  A memorial, surmounted by a shell, was first erected here in 1915 but was destroyed during the subsequent fighting.  The present memorial was erected in 1986.

"Gallipoli Battlefield Guide", (Barnsley 2000), Tonie & Valmai Holt, p. 112

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"Monument erected by the Turks in remembrance of the first bombard-ment" reproduced from a period postcard (Başar Eryoner - private collection)

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On the 3rd November, two days after the British Ambassador left Constantinople, The Allied fleet carried out a short bombardment of the outer forts. Up to this time the German efforts to effect a more rapid improvement of the defences of the Straits had met with considerable obstruction from the Turks.  The effect of the bombardment was temporarily to sweep this obstruction aside.

“The bombardment of 3rd November warned me”, said Jevad Pasha, commander of the fortress, after the war “and I realized that I must spend the rest of my time developing and strengthening the defences by every means”.

The unfortunate effect of the bombardment was aggravated by its astonishing success.  Though the firing lasted only twenty minutes it succeeded, owing to two lucky shots, in causing more damage than any subsequent attack.

"Military Operations: Gallipoli", Volume I, (London 1929), Brigadier-General Cecil F. Aspinall-Oglander, p. 34-35

the First victims' monument

Last updated : 04/12/06

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